This book is an update of the first BACC assessment, published in 2008. It offers new and updated scientific findings in regional climate research for the Baltic Sea basin. These include climate changes since the last glaciation (approx. 12,000 years ago), changes in the recent past (the last 200 years), climate projections up until 2100 using state-of-the-art regional climate models and an assessment of climate-change impacts on terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. There are dedicated new chapters on sea-level rise, coastal erosion and impacts on urban areas. A new set of chapters deals with possible causes of regional climate change along with the global effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations, namely atmospheric aerosols and land-cover change. The evidence collec...
Genre: Nonfiction, Science & Maths, Earth Sciences, Environment
Size: 501 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 13 February 2019 onward
Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems:The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Integrated Crop and Economic Assessments ... Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation 3)
“Top agricultural scientists from around the world have taken up the challenge of sustainable agriculture, with the specific focus on integrating agronomic, climatological, biophysical and socio-economic perspectives and processes. Every chapter (of the Handbook) contributes to addressing the growing food-security challenges facing the world.”Foreword by Jeffrey Sachs, Director of the Earth Institute at Columbia UniversityClimate effects on agriculture are of increasing concern in both the scientific and policy communities because of the growing population and the greater uncertainty in the weather during growing seasons. Changes in production are directly linked to variations in temperature and precipitation during the growing season and often to the offseason changes in weather becau...
Genre: Nonfiction, Professional & Technical, Technology & Engineering, Science & Maths, Biological Sciences, Earth Sciences, Environment
Size: 1160 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 11 February 2019 onward
As cities develop, more land is converted into impervious surfaces, which do not allow water to infiltrate. Careful urban planning is needed to ensure that the hydrologic cycle and water quality of the catchment areas are not affected. There are techniques that can attenuate peak flow during rain events and reduce the amount of metals, nutrients, and bacteria that enter the urban water cycle. This brief gives a short introduction on bioretention systems and documents the effectiveness of some 36 plant species in removing water pollutants. A summary on the maintenance requirements is also presented. ...
Genre: Nonfiction, Professional & Technical, Technology & Engineering, Politics & Social Sciences, Urban Planning & Development, Science & Maths, Biological Sciences, Earth Sciences
Size: 59 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 04 February 2019 onward
The oceans and atmosphere interact through various processes, including the transfer of momentum, heat, gases and particles. In this book leading international experts come together to provide a state-of-the-art account of these exchanges and their role in the Earth-system, with particular focus on gases and particles. Chapters in the book cover: i) the ocean-atmosphere exchange of short-lived trace gases; ii) mechanisms and models of interfacial exchange (including transfer velocity parameterisations); iii) ocean-atmosphere exchange of the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide; iv) ocean atmosphere exchange of particles and v) current and future data collection and synthesis efforts. The scope of the book extends to the biogeochemical responses to emitted / deposite...
Genre: Nonfiction, Science & Maths, Biological Sciences, Earth Sciences, Environment
Size: 315 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 03 February 2019 onward
Genre: Nonfiction, Professional & Technical, Technology & Engineering, Science & Maths, Earth Sciences, Mathematics
Size: 177 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 22 January 2019 onward