There has been an enormous increase in interest in the use of evidence for public policymaking, but the vast majority of work on the subject has failed to engage with the political nature of decision making and how this influences the ways in which evidence will be used (or misused) within political areas. This book provides new insights into the nature of political bias with regards to evidence and critically considers what an ‘improved’ use of evidence would look like from a policymaking perspective.Part I describes the great potential for evidence to help achieve social goals, as well as the challenges raised by the political nature of policymaking. It explores the concern of evidence advocates that political interests drive the misuse or manipulation of evidence, as well as counter...
Genre: Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Poverty
Size: 196 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 06 July 2018 onward
One-in-seven adults and one-in-five children in the United States live in poverty. Individuals and families living in poverty �not only lack basic, material necessities, but they are also disproportionally afflicted by many social and economic challenges. Some of these challenges include the increased possibility of an unstable home situation, inadequate education opportunities at all levels, and a high chance of crime and victimization.Given this growing social, economic, and political concern, The Hamilton Project at Brookings asked academic experts to develop policy proposals confronting the various challenges of America's poorest citizens, and to introduce innovative approaches to addressing poverty.� When combined, the scope and impact of these proposals has the potential to vastl...
Genre: Business & Finance, Economics, Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Social Sciences, Poverty
Size: 360 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 02 July 2018 onward
This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO license. The Early Years analyzes the development of Latin American and Caribbean children and makes a compelling case for government intervention in what is instinctively a family affair. Spending on effective programs for young children is an investment that, if done well, will have very high returns, while failure to implement such programs will lower the returns on the hefty investments being made in primary, secondary, and higher education. Policies for young children belong at the core of a country's development agenda, alongside policies to develop infrastructure or strengthen institutions. However, if the services provided (or funded) by governments are to benefit children, they must be substantially better than what is currentl...
Genre: Business & Finance, Biographies & Primers, Economics, Children's eBooks, Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Social Sciences, Poverty, Science & Maths
Size: 288 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 25 June 2018 onward
This book is open access under a CC-BY 4.0 license. This book examines social and medical responses to the disfigured face in early medieval Europe, arguing that the study of head and facial injuries can offer a new contribution to the history of early medieval medicine and culture, as well as exploring the language of violence and social interactions. Despite the prevalence of warfare and conflict in early medieval society, and a veritable industry of medieval historians studying it, there has in fact been very little attention paid to the subject of head wounds and facial damage in the course of war and/or punitive justice. The impact of acquired disfigurement —for the individual, and for her or his family and community—is barely registered, and only recently has there been any atte...
Genre: Fiction, History, Europe, Professional & Technical, Medicine, Nonfiction, Literary Criticism & Theory, Politics & Social Sciences, Philosophy, Poverty, Science & Maths
Size: 383 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 25 June 2018 onward
A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s Open Access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more.Unjust Conditions follows the lives and labors of poor mothers in rural Peru, richly documenting the ordeals they face to participate in mainstream poverty alleviation programs. Championed by behavioral economists and the World Bank, conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs are praised as efficient mechanisms for changing poor people's behavior. While rooted in good intentions and dripping with the rhetoric of social inclusion, CCT programs' successes ring hollow, based solely on metrics for children’s attendance at school and health appointments. Looking beyond these statistics reveals a host of hidden costs for the ...
Genre: Business & Finance, Biographies & Primers, Economics, History, Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Social Sciences, Poverty
Size: 204 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 23 June 2018 onward
This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. The book examines the methodological challenges in analyzing the effectiveness of development policies. It presents a selection of tools and methodologies that can help tackle the complexities of which policies work best and why, and how they can be implemented effectively given the political and economic framework conditions of a country. The contributions in this book offer a continuation of the ongoing evidence-based debate on the role of agriculture and participatory policy processes in reducing poverty. They develop and apply quantitative political economy approaches by integrating quantitative models of political decision-making into existing economic modeling tools, allowing a more comprehensive growth-poverty analysis. The book a...
Genre: Business & Finance, Economics, Finance, Industries & Professions, Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Social Sciences, Poverty
Size: 351 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 22 June 2018 onward
This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.This book investigates what international placements of healthcare employees in low resource settings add to the UK workforce and the efficacy of its national health system. The authors present empirical data collected from a volunteer deployment project in Uganda focused on reducing maternal and new-born mortality and discuss the learning and experiential outcomes for UK health care professionals acting as long term volunteers in low resource settings. They also develop a model for structured placement that offers optimal learning and experiential outcomes and minimizes risk, while shedding new light on the role that international placements play as part of continuing professional development both in the UK and in other sending countries....
Genre: Professional & Technical, Medicine, Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Social Sciences, Poverty, Science & Maths
Size: 141 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 21 June 2018 onward
This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.This book examines the current state of elective placements of medical undergraduate students in developing countries and their impact on health care education at home. Drawing from a recent case study of volunteer deployment in Uganda, the authors provide an in-depth evaluation of the impacts on the students themselves and the learning outcomes associated with placements in low resource settings, as well as the impacts that these forms of student mobility have on the host settings. In addition to reviewing the existing literature on elective placements, the authors outline a potential model for the future development of ethical elective placements. As the book concurs with an increasing international demand for elective placements, it wil...
Genre: Nonfiction, Education & Reference, Education, Politics & Social Sciences, Social Sciences, Poverty
Size: 158 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 20 June 2018 onward
This edited volume explains the importance of regional public goods (RPGs) for sustainable development and shows why they are particularly important in the context of 21st-century international relations. By presenting a new and original data set and by presenting original essays by renowned scholars, this book lays the foundation for what will become an increasingly important focus for both economic development and international relations as well as for their intersection.The volume contains four parts. The first introduces the core issues and concepts that are explored throughout the book as well as a new and original data set on RPGs. The second part further develops specific concepts important for understanding 21st-century RPGs: regional leadership, alliances, networks, and outcomes. ...
Genre: Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Poverty, Self-Help & Counselling, Self-Help
Size: 408 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 18 June 2018 onward
This book is open access under a CCBY license. Child poverty is one of the biggest challenges of today, harming millions of children. In this book, it is investigated from a philosophical social justice perspective, primarily in the context of modern welfare states. Based on both normative theory (particularly the capability approach) and empirical evidence, the authors identify the injustices of child poverty, showing how it negatively affects the well-being of children as well as their whole life course. But child poverty is not 'given by nature'. It is avoidable and there is certainly the moral duty to alleviate it. Therefore, Graf and Schweiger develop a normative theory of responsibilities, which clarifies the moral role of different agents in the poor child's environment – the f...
Genre: Nonfiction, Politics & Social Sciences, Philosophy, Social Sciences, Poverty
Size: 204 pages
Free eBook download for Kindle from 17 June 2018 onward